The Tool has three main sections that represent the stages of FPIC:
1. Enabling Conditions
Enabling Conditions are circumstances that should be in place before the FPIc process or consultation begins. Some are relevant to the affected community whiles other conditions are relevant to the project developer. If you can check each of the questions in this section you are ready to start the consultation process and FPIC process prerequisites.
2. Prerequisite Steps
The prerequisite steps are the steps where you should understand why may be impacted by the project, whether you are obligated to achieve consent through FPIC (or whether your ongoing consultation process is sufficient) and who the rights-holders are in the case that you should achieve FPIc.
3. FPIC Process Steps
Part of both the consultation and FPIC process consists of understanding the community’s willingness to consider the project and ensuring they are aware of both the potential impacts and benefits of the proposed project. To achieve FPIC beyond consultation requires the element of consent. Gaining the consent of a community relies on two main steps: understanding whether the community is willing to negotiate and coming to an agreement. When an agreement is freely signed after a robust consultation process, FPIC can be considered accomplished.
Whether a process of consultation or consent was carried out, the project impacts and agreements should be monitored going forward. This includes setting up processes for monitoring and evaluation as well as protocols in case of a grievance.
At each step of the FPIC process, there is a brief rationale for the requirement, and action statement for what the project developer is expected to do to meet it. The Tool requires that evidence is uploaded as proof of compliance with the given requirement. This evidence may be contributed by either the Indigenous Peoples’ community, or the project developer, before being made available to a third party assurance provider to confirm and verify.